What is osteoarthritis of the foot?
Osteoarthritis of the foot is a deterioration of the foot joint in which pain is caused by the disappearance of cartilage.
Possible underlying causes of osteoarthritis of the foot are aging or an accident involving the foot (sports injury), but it may also be caused by arthritis, diabetes and infections.
Signs and symptoms
The pattern of symptoms is characterised by a limitation of movement and pain in the foot that increase when any weight is put on the foot. Walking is particularly painful. The knee may also be swollen at times. If other joints are also involved, this is an indication of a systemic condition such as arthritis.
How is osteoarthritis of the foot diagnosed?
The diagnosis is made based on the signs and symptoms of the patient. To establish a restriction constituent bones of the foot, passive and active bowing and stretching of the ankle are important on physical examination.
Do I need any additional examinations?
- Diagnostic examination for other non-physical factors important for your pain, have already been done by yourself trough filling out your pain questionnaires.
- Blood tests are required when systemic conditions such as arthritis are suspected.
- If the knee problems continue to persist: X-rays and an MRI scan.
What are my treatment possibilities?
Depending on the cause of your pain, your pain specialist will decide whether or not to embark on physical treatment. Based on the results of the completed pain questionnaire, additional examinations can be carried out and, apart from physical treatment, other methods of treatment will be suggested.
If the results of your pain questionnaire are abnormal, your pain specialist will offer you one of the non-physical treatments listed below:
Interventional Pain Treatments
- Local injection in the foot joints