What is oncological or cancer pain?
In oncological pain, the tumour process itself causes the pain. This is in contrast to the pain caused by oncological treatment (irradiation pain, cytostatics neuropathy).
Oncological pain can be either nociceptive, neuropathic , visceral in character, or a combination of these different kinds of pain.
Secondary factors such as fear and depression play an important role in oncological pain. These factors may result in therapy-resistant pain, whereby previously increased doses of pain medication do not have the desired pain reduction.
Apart from anti-nociceptive and anti-neuropathic pain medication, adjuvant medication such as anxiolitic and anti-depressant drugs play an important role in pain reduction.